Mitigate the Risk of Credential Theft Arising from Emotet Malware

The Emotet banking Trojan works to steal vital and highly sensitive customer information by targeting banks and financial databases. Later versions are known to be introduced with spamming and malware delivery capabilities including other banking Trojans. Emotet has therefore been labeled as one of the most expensive and destructive malwares that can affect local and national governments in addition to private organizations. The malware has cost governments up to 1 million dollars per incident to combat its infectious after-effects. The Emotet Trojan uses email spamming to spread and establish itself. Emotet works by downloading or dropping other banking Trojans; it can easily pass undetected through signature-based detection systems as well as various security layers, thanks to its polymorphic nature. It utilizes modular Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) to update its capabilities, making it destructive and difficult to detect. It also is aware if it's running in Virtual machines and will become dormant to avoid detection within sandbox environments. It proliferates through many ways such as auto-start registry keys and services. The attack spreads through malspam. Emotet will hijack your mail contact and distribute itself to those on your contact list via mail. Once the receiver downloads the infected files, the Emotet will spread. In networks that are connected, Emotet will spread by making use of common passwords saved by search engines such as Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox. Researchers find that Emotet uses the EternalBlue exploit to proliferate rapidly across the network. Emotet hits multiple targets, individuals, companies and governments in the US and Europe and steals logins, financial information and crypto wallets. As the current version delivers other banking Trojans, its target audiences seem to have grown wider, infecting organizations across Canada, UK and US. An important Emotet attack was on Allentown city, PA, the cleanup of which required assistance from Microsoft’s incident response team and cost the city more than 1 million dollars. Awareness about how the Trojan spreads is key to its prevention. You can also follow certain best practices to limit the effect of Emotet and other malspams, such as: Keeping computers updated with the latest MS windows patches. Refraining from any suspicious downloads or clicking suspect-looking links. If you stop Emotet at this stage itself, then it has no chance of gaining control over entire systems or networks. Learning and teaching about the importance of a strong password and using multiple factor authentications is extremely necessary. Organizations and banks can protect themselves and customers by having a robust plan and cybersecurity program with multiple layers of protection. Such a system is essential for real-time detection and remedy of Emotet attacks. In cases of an existing infection, you first need to isolate the infected computer if it is connected to a network, then patch and clean it. Then move clean-up the other computers within the compromised network, one at a time. Lastly, even if such a malware attacks your system, you can mitigate the risk of a deeper impact by having a controlled layer of user access privileges & password management in place. Here comes into play, Sectona’s Spectra Privileged Access Management solution which manages the passwords, does the timely rotation and reconciliation as per the pre-defined password policy and controls the access privileges given to users. Also, it enables the use of Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) while granting access to your IT infrastructure for multiple sets of users.
Shruti Kulkarni August 30, 2019

Cyber security 101: Karate

Turns out Karate and cyber security had more in common than we thought. Principles that are followed in karate stay pretty damn relevant even when it comes to keeping your organization cyber ready. Here are some of the basic principles in karate. Let's see how they correlate so well with good practices as far as cyber security is concerned. Respect your enemy (rei) Breach of access, website defacement, denial of your service etc are just some of the outcomes of not taking cyber security seriously or in other words giving your enemy (cyber risk) the respect it deserves. Respect your enemy by understanding the level of damage it can cause. This should always be the initial step towards any fight. First, know yourself and then your enemy Its important to know where you stand before you start the fight. Know the strengths and weaknesses of your organization. Creating a checklist of things to be taken care of can give you an idea of what needs to be done. Firewall Cyber security policies Enforce safe password practices Regular data back up Anti-malware These are just some items that should be on that checklist. Identifying which out of these is taken care of and which still needs to be done can simplify your path of action forward. Calamity springs from carelessness Careless actions like we all know can lose someone a fight. Karate teaches us that taking care of these actions will keep us from losing. Some trivial easily avoidable mistakes like Clicking on hypertext links Usages of portable storage devices Transacting on unsecured websites Usage of pirated software Can prove to be of grave danger to any organization and can put your security at risk. Karate is like boiling water; without heat, it returns to its tepid state Karate says that its important to always stay on you’re A game. To keep the water boiling calls for practice and constant introspection. Just like this even cyber security practices need constant updates and support. Its also important to conduct drills where situations of cyber attacks can be simulated to teach employees how to respond. Making cyber security practices an essential part of timely employee evaluations can also be a good way to keep the water boiling. Adjust according to your opponents Karate teaches us that its important to be aware of the strengths of your opponent so that we can train ourselves to cope with their strengths. This helps us to adopt new methods, learning new techniques, basically doing what it takes to survive undesirable situations. Similarly, Staying updated about cyber security attacks happening world over and striving to incorporate the solution that will help us overcome such attacks becomes an essential preparation for the war against cyber risk. Be constantly mindful, diligent, and resourceful, in your pursuit of the Way Having an open mind towards new and better ways is very important because doing something over and over again in a similar fashion is only going to give us the same output. Need a different output? Try a better way! In this Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous world its only obvious that we reinvent methods and means to keep what we hold dear safe. Inducing habits of educating all stakeholders on cyber security and rewarding those who come up with innovative ways of staying safe needs to be imbibed into our systems.   Karate is a lifelong pursuit Pursuing karate is a process that consumes time and effort. It takes persistence to stay in the process. A secure organization too cannot be looked at an event, it’s a process just like the pursuit of karate. Locate a security partner who will be there by your side in this pursuit. A partner who knows what's going on and what needs to be done. Living on the edge is the key to survival. Because remember that the attacker has to be right only once but the defender must be right every time.  
Avatar March 9, 2019

Move aside Nintendo, PAM is here.

Its proven that what may appear as complex can easily be simplified when looked at as a game. Don’t believe me? Ask that 7-year-old who learned multiplication table the fun way. Can Privileged access management be looked at as a game? Let's break a game down and see what its made of. A game is nothing but a structured form of play. A game has various components like a goal, challenges, tools or enablers, skills required to ace it and of course competition. If we establish that PAM has these components, then we can conclude with certainty that it can be looked at as a game. Goal Goals can be on two types, long term and short term. A typical game would have both and so does PAM. Long term goals Secure your organization from cyber attacks by securing all the systems within the network To be compliant to the norms of regulators and scaling up sustainably without additional costs. Short term goals Rotating password Password encryption Increase automation Reducing human dependency Challenges Challenges in any game, are very important components. It's true that they do keep you from going to the next level, but once you figure out how to beat these challenges then nothing stops you from moving ahead. If it's Roadrash that you’re playing, then the cops that start to tail you become the challenge that you have to deal with. Even PAM has some challenges that will require us to bring in our A game. User awareness becomes the key challenge. It is essential that the user knows about the devices that he/she has access to and also about the PAM solution. Poor hardware on devices also becomes a challenge at times. Attaining the level of customization expected and defining user groups correctly are some challenges that PAM companies are still struggling with. Although developing empathy towards the client and understanding the what and why of his business can effectively dodge these challenges. Tools Dangerous dave had a jet pack, NFS requires you to collect NOS so that your car can zoom past others and get ahead in the race. PAM has some tools as well that enable you to get ahead in the race. Reporting forms an essential part of the tool kit. Easy to understand dashboards let you have a birds-eye view of everything that goes on within your network. Risk analyzer pushes you to be ahead on the curve by warning you about anomalies on basis of risk scores allotted to every activity. Automated asset and account discovery is also a tool that can exponentially ease PAM functioning. Remote access and activity trail being others. Competition In the case of PAM, defining competition can be tricky. It’s a long list if we go around looking. Competition can be classified as internal and external. Internal competition An employee gone rogue External competition A hacker sitting in a distant country. Ignorance towards cyber risk and internal resistance to transform and adapt better methods become competition too because when they win, you lose.   Skill Last but not least, developing the required skill because very important to win any game. In case of a computer game, it's mostly hand and eye coordination. When it comes to PAM, Its majorly about taking users from the low level of awareness to high. We could imagine the user awareness scale to range from 0 to 10 with three levels in it. 0-4 becomes level 1, 4-8 becomes level 2 and 8-10 becomes level 3. Level 1 Understanding PAM superficially without getting into the technicalities. Level 2 Understanding how PAM functions and the scope of it. It’s a stage where the user understands which business problem PAM solves. Level 3 Building a strong feedback loop with the users and customizing the PAM solution by keeping the user at the center. This loop requires users to participate actively resulting in the PAM solution to mature well. Coordination Just like a game that we play in teams, PAM requires high coordination among players/stakeholders. Now that we’ve established PAM can be looked at as a game, we have strong reasons to not do so. Unlike a game, PAM does not run in a simulated environment. Threats in PAM are not fictitious like in a game. It can be argued that games are unproductive in nature but PAM solutions unlike that has a very high ROI if we consider what’s at stake and are highly recommended by experts. You deserve this star if you think you understand PAM better now, just like the kid who now knows his multiplication. Thanks to games!
Avatar February 28, 2019

Why you should be reworking privileged access security program?

What is trending now? Earlier this year, Deloitte released its annual edition of emerging trends in government technology ‘A Government Perspective: Tech Trends 2018’. It spoke about how automation, artificial intelligence & cognitive technologies are set to change the way work gets done. Another one of the trends highlighted was that of re-engineering technology where modernized IT infrastructure is being created to enhance efficiency and service delivery. Furthermore, it mentioned of the adoption of newer technologies & newer ways to manage interrelationships, storage and security of organizational data while dramatically improving both availability and security. Co-incidentally, I also happened to come across a strategic move implemented by the Singapore Government where they have set up a G-Cloud, a private cloud infrastructure that meets all the required security assurances the government has mandated. The benefit – all branches of Singapore’s government can scale, deploy & scale up applications much more quickly, efficiently & securely. The reason why they have implemented the G-Cloud is to transform the way the government delivers services by enabling new technology & by using a transformed IT department. Moreover, based on our interaction with enterprises across sectors, we observed a trend where co-existence of hybrid infrastructure seems to be taking shape. And with that there seems to be an overall refresh in the associated aspects including security tools.   Synergy in above trends The above cases point to a similar direction – a transformation in IT. Transformation not just in terms of the IT infrastructure but also other parameters associated with it such as automation, new technologies, security & efficiency. Taking these trends to a broader setting, we can to a certain extent also assume that this is true not just in case of government enterprises but also other enterprises – small, medium & large. And while unsaid, with this transformation comes the challenge of IT security at all levels, especially with regards to IT infrastructure. Needless to mention, security around user access to critical IT infrastructure cannot be neglected and that should maintain top priority. Reason being that compromising this security aspect could lead to unlimited access & control of critical infrastructure accounts/privileged accounts & their passwords falling into the wrong hands.   Time to re-evaluate your IT security solutions Evaluating a priority security solution tailored to protect IT assets such as a privileged access security solution could be a long-winded process. However, the ROI in terms of recurring cost, security, compliance & business reputation is worth the time & money invested. For instance, Apple devices have gained popularity not just for its features & sleek design but for the fact that they are protected from ransomware. Similarly, customers of any organization would look at the enterprises’ security measures in today’s time & age to build trust in that organization. More than strong revenue, profits & popularity, it is information security as an evaluation parameter that has taken dominance in customer decision making, come to think of it. One can argue that the only way customers would know of an organization’s security is until a security breach takes place. But why wait for that to happen? Prevention is better than cure, the age old saying. With that in mind, it has become important for security teams in enterprises to do a continuous assessment & monitoring of existing security solutions & evaluate the solutions’ capability to support & scale with modernized IT infrastructure. Having said that, prioritization is equally important. When it comes to security solutions, the first thing that you would think of securing is the core of your IT environment - the privileged accounts. And why wouldn't it be? A study by Ponemon Institute has pegged the average cost of insider threats for an organization at over $8 million, not to mention losses suffered due to a hit on the reputation . It is therefore time to re-evaluate your security with regards to privileged access. Re-evaluation of privileged access security is not cumbersome Times have changed. Every simple item we use today demands a re-evaluation, why not security solutions then. Privileged access security is not what it used to be before. Most enterprises might have implemented a privileged password vault some time ago but with such massive IT transformations happening at all levels, it is also important to re-assess your privileged access security programs. You may already have a robust privileged access solution in place but are they built to scale and suit the modernized IT infrastructure? If not, then having implemented such a solution could lead to spending more time and resources in maintaining the solution alone. Moreover, there is risk of sticking to a traditional solution that may have an architectural shortcoming considering the new age infrastructure changes. It, therefore, is best practice to re-evaluate existing security solutions in terms of their capability to support an agile and scalable IT environment without impacting productivity, compromising security & increasing costs. You have to take action before a potential security threat event could occur even with the existing solutions in place. Imagine the plight of security teams in the event of a potential mishap (breach) despite having an erstwhile compliant solution. It is worth the time & effort to look at transforming and reworking privileged access security program to ensure data security is abreast with your IT transformation.  The current scenario demands a Privileged Access Security/Privileged Access Management (PAM) solution that is capable of adjusting and adapting to the dynamic IT infrastructure. And if there is a PAM solution that is engineered on a new age technology suited to adjust and adapt to the dynamically evolving IT setting, it may be worthwhile evaluating such a solution and considering a change, wouldn’t it? Reworking privileged access security program is not as tedious as you think it is. Alternatively, you may even want to consider keeping a backup PAM solution, if not replace it. Think about it.   How can Sectona help? Sectona has engineered a Privileged Access Management to adapt to the dynamically changing IT infrastructure. The solution has been built with the intention to scale flexibly without compromising on security or increasing costs. Designed with a new process & approach, Spectra Privileged Access Management has been conceived & architected with the right amount of time and energy to realize the right ROI. Learn more about Spectra here and see it in action.
Avatar July 6, 2018

Find the missing piece to your Privileged Account Management

Enterprises are witnessing a significant change in their IT infrastructure. The contributing factors to these changes are qualitative – be it the constantly changing industry behavior and organizational economies vis-a-vis large infrastructure migration activities, IT procurement changes, mergers & acquisitions, migration to hybrid & cloud platforms, changing user and user access landscape. With these changes, the current scenario is such that users can access your infrastructure from any location. All users can be treated as remote users with millions of passwords and access to be managed and thousands of sessions & activities to be monitored independently on a daily basis leaving you with an increased attack surface.   Security concerns around Privileged Account Management because of the evolving dynamics Naturally then the question arises as to how the rising privileged access needs will be catered to. The popular solution vendors have worked on innovative password vaults back in the day. Having said that, it is important to consider whether the architecture and approach of those solutions can cope with the dynamically changing nature of infrastructure needs (read: cloud + on-premise hybrid infrastructure). Are more resources in terms of manpower, effort and costs required? CIO’s are analyzing and evaluating tools with a primary objective in mind – Does my privileged account management (PAM) tool have the agility and scalability to manage and secure the increasing diversity of the infrastructure while still reducing costs and increasing productivity? The answer to this missing piece has led to the increasing transition of enterprises to consider a technology refresh and move to ‘as-a-service’ approach for their privileged account management tools.   Management concerns with the current Privileged Account Management measures It is often observed that traditional Privileged Account Management (PAM) tools are able to provide core privileged access security features such as Password Management and Session Monitoring but now the focus has shifted to ‘do more with your PAM’. Just the core features do not seem to be cutting it because there is a lot of manual effort involved in managing the solution in its entirety. There are two problems associated with this – first the cost involved to deploy resources to manually manage the solution (for instance, to manually provision and de-provision devices and accounts) and second the productivity comes down with the mundane approach followed in managing the solution. Automation has therefore become the talk of the town and has become a critical requirement of a Privileged Account Management solution. It allows for as much as up to 50% reduction in costs. However, for existing PAM solutions to incorporate automation would mean disintegrating and then reintegrating the basic foundation of its architecture that could take significant amount of time before it comes to fruition. This leads to the management point of discussion – is maintaining my existing Privileged Account Management solution a costlier affair than replacing it? Not surprising, the answer to this will give you an insight into the need for a massive Privileged Account Management (PAM) refresh among enterprises. All this is believed to have led enterprises to prioritize privileged access security and consider a reduction in their PAM refresh tenure from the conventional 5 or 7 years down to 3 years. Are you ready for a PAM refresh?   What do you need to tackle these PAM security concerns? Need of the hour is to have a privileged account management (PAM) solution that addresses the aforementioned pain areas by focusing on privileged user ACCESS to prevent misuse of privileges and manage access problems. At the same time, the PAM solution should be able to adapt to the evolving infrastructure needs without having the requirement for additional resources (in terms of manpower and hardware). Privileged Account Management (PAM) solution that is built on a cross-platform and integrated fashion making it cloud ready, agile and easily scalable is needed to achieve the levels of security and automation that the current scenario demands. With the rising user landscape both from within and outside the network, the risk has shifted from managing passwords to managing access.   How Sectona can help? Sectona’s Spectra Privileged Account Management/Privileged Access Management is designed with a unique approach that steps away from conventional challenges and addresses the current and future needs of privileged password & access management. Furthermore, its collaboration based privileged access technology solves the issue of growing remote users. Most importantly, its use of automation for discovery, provisioning and privileged tasks, to name a few can help reduce costs and save time, effort and manpower dependence. Spectra PAM essentially has been conceived and developed to address the growing needs of privileged access & modernized IT infrastructure for future ready enterprises. The focus at Sectona is to educate enterprises on how to prioritize their privileged access from start (read: How to start your Privileged Account Security Program) to end.     Learn more of how Spectra Privileged Account Management (PAM) is tailor made to address the current and future needs of privileged access management challenges with focus on automation along with time & cost reduction.
Avatar March 15, 2018
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